Exhibition Center of the Chinese Medicine Specimens
Established in 1956, the center has developed into a window of our university to the outside world for communication and exchanges. It is well known at home and abroad as a comprehensive base not only for large collection of various medicinal specimens, but also for teaching and scientific researches.
Located in Sichuan province, namely “the Land of Heaven on Earth”, it is supplied with abundant medicinal resources and characterized by a large scale, a great variety, a satisfactory category of specimens, and the arrangement for both true and pseudo specimens. There are nearly 3000 species, 5000 bottles of specimens in the center. In addition to the common specimens, there are some precious and rare types, such as Moschus (she xiang), Calculus Bovis (niu huang), wild Ginseng (shan shen), nest of Collocalia Esculenta (yan wo), etc; large specimens, such as green turtle, seal, tiger skeleton, etc; rare specimens, such as a huge stomachic calculus of an ox，extra-large wild Poria, etc; imported specimens, such as Cornu Saigae Tataricae (ling yang jiao), Calculus Macacae (hou zao), and Radix Panacis Quinquefolii (xi yang shen), etc. It houses more than 3000 species, 50000 copies of dried medicinal plant specimens, which belong to 211 families, 1036 genera. Every family of the specimens is arranged in the light of the revised Engler System. Besides the common medicinal plants, it presents the original plants of some famous and expensive medicinal materials, such as Cordyceps (dong chong xia cao), Radix Ginseng (ren shen), and Radix Notoginseng (san qi), etc; the specimens of rare and valuable plants which are named as “living fossils”, such as Davidia involucrata, Tetracentron sinense，Cercidiphyllum japonicum, etc; the type-specimens of new species of Polygonatum, Cimicifuga etc; and 18337 photos of the type specimens.
Based on the requirement of actual work, the center is divided into ten exhibition rooms for different specimens, namely, zoological substances room, botanical substances room, mineral substances room, genuine medicinal materials room, ethnic medicinal substances room, specimens preserved by soaking, scientific research projects specimens room, teaching specimens room and herbarium.
The ordinary work of the center includes collecting, producing, identifying and maintaining the specimens, as well as receiving foreign guests and supplying specimens for teaching task. Furthermore, it also takes the teaching courses, such as Commercial Chinese Materia Medica, Medicinal Zoology, Chinese Materia Medica, Pharmacognosy of Chinese Materia Medica, as well as the task of guiding the researches of the students in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
By means of modern science and technology, the center is aimed to carry out research projects, such as the influence of herbal storage and maintenance on herb quality and its clinical effects; the main factors that lead to herbal deterioration and the relations between them; the changes happening during the storage of medicinal substances. Moreover, new methods and technology for storing and maintaining medicinal substances will supply scientific bases for setting the validity period and clinical safety of the medicinal substances.