交流平台 联系我们 本站地图 首页
  当前内容列表
 
本栏目正在建设中,请稍后...
  相关内容
 
您的位置:   首页>>特色标本馆>>道地药材标本室
道地药材标本室简介
点击数:2172   时间:2008-11-6   作者:root   

 

   

我国幅员辽阔,气候、地形、土壤多样,在这样复杂的自然条件影响下,形成了各种不同的植被,蕴藏着极其丰富的药物资源,同时我国的历史悠久,在长期的历史延边过程中,经过我们祖先不断地人工选择和培育,各地不同种类的药材,逐渐形成了特有道地性能。这就是道地药材,即指那些产地较为固定,生产历史悠久,生产及加工技术精细,品种优良,疗效显著的药材。
    
本室陈列的道地药材有四川的川芎、川贝母、附子、黄连、川白芷、巴豆、白术、川楝子、花椒等;河南的怀牛膝、怀山药、怀地黄、怀菊花;浙江的浙贝母、白术、玄胡索、杭菊花、杭白芍、杭麦冬、山茱萸;西北的党规、黄芪、党参、大黄;东北的人参、细辛、五味子;以及宁夏的枸杞、山东的阿胶、云南的三七、茯苓等。

    Under the influence of complex natural conditions of vast distances, distinct climate, changeable geology and varied soil conditions, China cherishes a variety of vegetations with rich medicinal resources. Through the selection and cultivation of our ancestor generation after generation, various types of medicinal materials have developed distinctive and genuine natures in different areas, which are called genuine medicinal materials. That is, the improved strains of medicinal materials with fixed planting areas, long producing history, high-level processing techniques, and significant therapeutical effects.

The genuine medicinal materials presented in this room include Rhizoma Chuanxiong (chuan xiong), Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae (chuan bei mu), Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata (fu zi), Radix Angelicae Dahuricae (bai zhi), Fructus Crotonis (ba dou), Fructus Toosendan (chuan lian zi), Pericarpium Zanthoxyli (hua jiao) etc. produced in Sichuan province; Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae (niu xi), Rhizoma Dioscoreae (shan yao), Radix Rehmanniae (di huang) and Flos Chrysanthemi (ju hua) produced in Henan province; Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii (zhe bei mu), Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae (bai zhu), Rhizoma Corydalis (yanhusuo), Flos Chrysanthemi (ju hua), Radix Paeoniae Alba (bai shao), Radix Ophiopogonis (mai dong) and Fructus Corni (shan zhu yu) in Zhejiang province; Radix Angelicae Sinensis (dang gui), Radix Astragali (huang qi), Radix Codonopsis (dang shen), Radix et Rhizoma Rhei (da huang) in the northwest China; Radix Ginseng (ren shen), Herba Asari (xi xin), Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis (wu wei zi) in the northeast China; Fructus Lycii (gou qi zi) in Ningxia; Colla Corii Asini (e jiao) in Shandong province; Radix Notoginseng (san qi) and Poria (fu ling) produced in Yunnan province, etc.

 

上一条无 下一条无